OPHTHALMOLOGY

Cornea Transplant

AKA Corneal Grafting, the Cornea Transplantation is an option that is provided to patients whose cornea is damaged or diseased due to various reasons. Through this surgical procedure, the doctor will repair or replace the damaged corneal tissue with the help of a graft. The term penetrating keratoplasty is referred to when the doctor replaces the entire cornea. In case of a partial replacement, it is known as lamellar keratoplasty.

In order to perform this surgical procedure, the graft is taken from a person who has passed away recently and who does not have any kind of medical condition that can affect the quality of the recipient’s life. The transplant of the cornea (the front of the eye) also includes the anterior chamber, pupil and iris. There is no age restriction for the donor apart from the condition that he/she should be medically fit to donate.

Lasik

Lasik is also known as Laser Vision correction or Laser eye surgery. This is a refractive surgery that helps to correct the astigmatism, hyperopia and myopia of the eye. For this form of corrective surgery, you would need to consult an ophthalmologist who is also well versed with the different laser treatments. In this surgery, the specialists uses a microkeratome or laser to help reshape the cornea of the eye. This is done to improve the person’s vision.
Lasik is also an option that is considered by people who want to get rid of their glasses. The Laser eye surgery is very similar to the Photorefractive Keratectomy or PRK which is another corrective surgical procedure. In the recent times, the demand for this kind of surgery has grown drastically and has proved to be one of the best ways a person can improve his/her vision.

Cataract

When there is a clouding on the lens of a person’s eye; it reduces the ability to see things properly. This is turn can lead blindness if it is not treated on time. Cataracts is a condition that develops very slowly and can affect both the eyes. This can be due to the age of the person or due to a medical condition like diabetes.
While there are certain medications/drops that can be prescribed to reduce the rapid advancement of this condition; however, most of the time, surgery is the best way to remove the cataract from the eye. Once the surgery is conducted, at least 9 out of 10 patients are able to see properly again and get a 20/40 vision. This surgery is conducted under local anesthesia and can be done at any stage.

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a progressive eye condition that ultimately leads to loss of vision or damaged optic nerve. Through this condition, the pressure in the eye increases which in turn can lead to blindness. A person may also develop Glaucoma in case it is heredity or due to a medical condition like diabetes or high blood pressure.
If treated on time, a person can stop or slow down the progression of the disease with the help of treatment options like surgery, laser treatment or medication. The ultimate goal of these treatments is to reduce or decrease the pressure on the eyes and prevent the loss of vision. The course of the treatment is purely based on the extent of the damage caused to due to the disease.

Squint

A squint is n eye disorder where in a person’s eyes are not aligned in the same direction when they are seeing something. Also known as crossed eyes, this is a condition that is caused due to the improper balance of the muscles that help in eye movement. It can also be due to faulty or poor nerve signals to the muscles of the eye which results in focusing faults. People who have squint eyes generally have long sighted issues. This is a condition that can affect a person of any age.
In fact, even babies are born with squint eyes which eventually does become alright as they age. However in some cases, a course of medical treatment would be recommended to take care of the condition. The specialist will suggest the right kind of treatment after conducting a series of eye tests. In order to get the best results, it is advisable to start the treatment as soon as possible. The treatment of this condition can range from surgery, eye drops, occlusion or glasses depending on various factors like the patient’s age and severity of the condition.

Retinal Detachment

Known to be a medical emergency; the retinal detachment is a condition where in the retina separates from the back of a person’s eye. This can lead to partial or complete vision loss depending on the how much the retina has detached. The reason why this is considered as a medical emergency is because when a person develops this condition, there is a potential risk of the eye getting completely damaged because of the lack of oxygen.
For major or minor retinal detachment, the patient would have to undergo a surgery to rectify the condition. The variation of the treatment comes when there is a tear or hole in the retina while it is still attached. In such cases, a laser surgery would be advisable/needed. Other treatment options also include Cryopexy which is freezing with intense cold, Retinopexy which is a procedure that is advisable for minor retinal detachment issues etc.

Vitrectomy

Vitrectomy is an eye operation is done when the doctor has to remove the jelly-like fluid called the vitreous from the eye. This surgical procedure is also done to replace the vitreous with saline solution. A person can develop vitrectomy due to various reasons such as damaged blood vessels, infections in the eye, severe eye injuries and even due to wrinkles in the macular pucker or retina.
The duration of the surgery can range from one hour to several hours depending on how bad the condition of the eye is. This surgery is conducted under general anesthesia and requires the person to stay awake. Numbing shots or drops will be given during the surgery so that the patient does not feel anything. In order to remove the fluid, the doctor will make a small cut in the outer layer of the excess fluid in the eye can drain out. This process is also conducted in case there is an accumulation of debris in the eye or to remove any scar tissue.

Ptosis

Ptosis is a condition or a situation where in the upper eyelid can either fall or droop down. This condition is also known as lazy eye and is a problem with the muscles of the eyelid. If this condition is not treated on time, it can also cause other eye conditions like astigmatism or amblyopia. The treatment of ptosis can vary from surgery or special crutch glasses.

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