Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
Also known as CAB; The Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting is a surgical procedure that helps to reestablish the proper flow of blood. This in turn helps the heart muscles to get the required nutrients and oxygen needed to function. One of the main reasons why a person may have to undergo this kind of surgery is due to the buildup of Cholesterol plague and blood clots in the artery. If you overlook this condition, it can eventually lead to a heart attack.
Through the CABD surgery, the surgeon will help to clear the blockages in the arteries by attaching a healthy vain that is taken out from another part of the body. This new vain creates a bypass and helps to restore the flow of blood so that the heart can function properly. The duration of this procedure can vary from 3 to 6 hours under general anesthesia.
Transmyocardial Laser Revascularization
When a patient is diagnosed with a persistent angina heart disease that is inoperable, the doctor will recommend TMR or Transmyocardial Laser Revascularization. This procedure is considered as the last option after trying the various other options that are available. The TMR provides hope for patients who cannot undergo any other surgical alternative.
Transmyocardial Laser Revascularization is one of the latest treatments that aims to improve the flow of blood into the different areas of the heart. These areas are those that cannot be treated or cured through surgery or angioplasty. For this procedure, a small incision is done on the left side of the chest. This procedure can also be performed if the patient is undergoing a coronary bypass surgery. Through the TMR, the surgeon delivers a laser therapy precisely and directly to the area that has to be targeted. It is done under general anesthesia.
Heart Valve Repair or Replacement
Heart Valve Repair or Replacement is a procedure that helps to restore the functionality of the heart valves when they are diseased or damaged. Depending on the extent of the damage, the surgeon may either replace the valves or repair them. The specialist will consider this procedure when one or more than on valve becomes stiff or stenotic. During this time, the infection in the valves will not only cause them to go stiff but also narrows them.
Moreover, the condition also prevents the blood to flow in the right direction. Although the traditional methods like open heart surgery is still practiced even today; however, you do have modern techniques that reduce the duration of the surgery, pain and hospital stay post the operation. This is possible with the help of smaller incisions in comparison to the traditional method which requires the heart to be stopped for a while until the repairs or replacement is done.
Arrhythmia is a condition that deals with the irregular heartbeats. In this condition, the person’s heat may beat very fast or very slow. People who have this condition often face symptoms like fatigue, weakness, chest discomfort, shortness of breath etc. The course of treatment can range from surgical procedures, lifestyle changes and even medications.
The doctor or specialist will decide the treatment based on the severity of the arrhythmia. In some cases, a short acting anesthesia will be administered into the patient and an electric shock will be given to the chest wall. This helps in synchronizing the heart and restarting the heart’s rhythm so that the heart beats normalize. In extreme cases, the doctor will also implant a device like the pacemaker.
The aneurysm is found in the Aneurysms artery. This is a bulge that is in the shape of a balloon. When this balloon has a weak spot or bulges, the person is diagnosed with aortic aneurysm, In this condition, there are also chance of a rupture taking place. In such cases, the doctor may choose one of the any two procedures that are available. The open repair is basically a surgery wherein a large incision is made by the doctor through the abdomen. In this form of a surgery, the doctor will use a graft to repair the aneurysm.
The second option is known as EVAR or Endovascular aneurysm repair. In this option the invasive is minimal and does not require a large incision. Instead, from the groin, the specialist will make small incisions to repair the damaged Aneurysm. He/she will also place a stent to provide the necessary support to the aneurysm. After a proper evaluation, the doctor will recommend the procedure that is best suitable for the patient.
Heart Transplant is a complex surgery that is recommended when there is no hope for a person’s heart to be healthy again or to function properly. In this surgery, the surgeon will replace the diseased or failing heart with a healthier one. This type of surgery is considered after all options or treatments for the heart have failed and the condition of the person is only worsening.
Through this surgery, a person has a better chance of living a healthy and long life. No doubt, there is also a potential risk when the new heart may not be accepted by the body. In such cases, the patient would have to undergo another heart transplant until the body accepts a new heart. In the case when the body does accept the new heart, then with the help of proper medication, regular follow-up’s and lifestyle changes, the person can lead a normal life.
Surgery to Place Ventricular Assist Devices or Total Artificial Hearts
Given the fact that there are limited organ donors the waiting time can be very long. In such cases science and Technology has come up with alternative methods to help people live a long and healthy life. For those who require a new heart but are not able to get a natural one; they can opt for an artificial heart or ventricle assisted device. This surgical method in cardiology is one of the advanced treatments that are available today.
Through this method a mechanical pump is installed or implanted into the body of the patient which replicates and functions like a normal heart. The size of these devices is as big as an orange. This method of treatment can be temporary until the normal heart recovers or a natural heart Donor is available undefined this device also caps with a specific function to prevent the formation of blood clots and to improve the flow of blood.
The open heart surgery is performed on the arteries, valves or muscles of the heart. In this surgery the chest is cut open to create a bypass for the patient suffering with coronary heart diseases. This surgery is recommended when the arteries harden or become stiff and narrow which intern prevents the flow of blood to the heart.
This is one of the traditional methods that also helps to replace or repair the heart valves, repair abnormal or damaged areas of the heart, to implant medical device which will help the heart function properly or to replace a damaged heart with a healthy one.